Hornwort - Planted Tank Mates

Hornwort

12” | Background | Easy

Co2: No | Light: Medium

Column Feeder

Ceratophyllum demersum

Characteristics:

Max Size: 12″

Care Level: Easy

Nutrient Source: Column Feeder

Composition: Midground / Background

Parameters

Co2: None

Light Level: Medium

Tank Mates

Suitable for most tanks, especially tall ones.  They can create great cover for middle and top dwelling fish to swim through.

Notes

Hornwort, sometimes known as coontail, is another easy aquarium plant for beginners.  Although they are column feeders, they can be planted or anchored in the soil.  Their stems grow from the side, so you can trim and plant that into the soil, but be cautious of their slim and fragile roots.  These also do well as floating plants and as an algae control strategy, sucking excess nitrates and reducing light intensity.

https://plantedtankmates.com/aquarium-plants-for-beginners/

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Hornwort removeVallisneria removeWater Wisteria removeRotala Macrandra removeJava Moss removeDwarf Hair Grass remove
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Imagehornwort planted tankvallisneria planted tankwater wisteria planted tankrotala macrandra mini butterfly planted tankjava moss taxiphyllum barbieridwarf hairgrass (Eleocharis acicularis).
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Description

12” | Background | Easy

Co2: No | Light: Medium

Column Feeder

20”+| Background | Easy

Co2: None | Light: Low

Root Feeder

20" | Background | Easy

Co2: No | Light: Low

Root Feeder

12” | Background | Advance

Co2: High | Light: High

Root Feeder

6” | Foreground | Easy

Co2: No | Light: Low

Column Feeder

3” | Carpet | Medium

Co2: Yes | Light: High

Root Feeder

Content

Ceratophyllum demersum

Characteristics:

Max Size: 12"

Care Level: Easy

Nutrient Source: Column Feeder

Composition: Midground / Background

Parameters

Co2: None

Light Level: Medium

Tank Mates

Suitable for most tanks, especially tall ones.  They can create great cover for middle and top dwelling fish to swim through.

Notes

Hornwort, sometimes known as coontail, is another easy aquarium plant for beginners.  Although they are column feeders, they can be planted or anchored in the soil.  Their stems grow from the side, so you can trim and plant that into the soil, but be cautious of their slim and fragile roots.  These also do well as floating plants and as an algae control strategy, sucking excess nitrates and reducing light intensity.

https://plantedtankmates.com/aquarium-plants-for-beginners/

Vallisneria

Characteristics:

Max Size: 20″+

Care Level: Easy

Nutrient Source: Root Feeder

Composition: Background

Parameters

Co2: Not Required, but grows faster with

Light Level: Medium

Tank Mates

Vallisneria is a popular backdrop for middle to top dwelling fish like tetras, gouramis and angelfish.

Notes

This is a very easy background plant.  It does not require CO2 and will thrive with good subtrate and water column.

https://plantedtankmates.com/aquarium-plants-for-beginners/

Hygrophila difformis

Characteristics:

Max Size: 20"

Care Level: Easy

Nutrient Source: Root Feeder

Composition: Midground - Background

Parameters

Co2: No

Light Level: Low

Tank Mates

Pearl Weed is also compatible with most nano community fish, including tetras, rasboras, danios, endlers, gouramis.  They provide lots of shade and coverage for even bottom feeders like corydoras and rainbowfish.  They create great hiding spaces for baby fry and shrimp.

Notes

Water Wisteria is a fast growing, bushy plant.  When submerged underwater, it produces a feather-like leaf structure that's different in appearance than when it's emersed from water.  It's relatively undemanding and can thrive in low to moderate light levels, but can grow tall and fast with high lighting and CO2.  Provide a nutrient rich substrate and supplement with root tabs as necessary.  It's great at consuming nitrogen waste and can be used to help combat algae.

Rotala Macrandra

Characteristics:

Max Size: 12″

Care Level: Advance

Nutrient Source: Root Feeder + Water Column

Composition: Background

Parameters

Co2: High

Light Level: High

Tank Mates

Great for community fish, shrimp and snails

Notes

Rotala Macrandra provides outstanding red colors, but it is very demanding when it comes to nutrients.  The conditions must be perfect which includes a good substrate, iron and trace dosing, high lighting and CO2.  The PH for this plant should not exceed 7.0 as it prefers softer and acidic waters. 

Read more about how to maintain Red Aquarium Plants See the diagrams on how you can setup CO2 for your aquarium

Taxiphyllum barbieri

Characteristics:

Max Size: 6"

Care Level: Easy

Nutrient Source: Column Feeder

Composition: Background

Parameters

Co2: None

Light Level: Low

Tank Mates

Shrimps can graze and keep Java moss clean of algae.  In return, baby fry love to nest and hide in it.

Notes

As the name states, Java Moss is actually a moss and is a type of plant that has no roots. Their nutrients do not come from the substrate but rather the water column. This is probably one of the most hardy and versatile plant species you can ever grow. You can tie or glue them to rocks and wood and let them create a nice foreground. Some will tie them to shaped mesh and mimic a carpet appearance on the ground.

Compare carpet plant options and select the next one for your planted tank https://plantedtankmates.com/aquarium-plants-for-beginners/

Eleocharis Acicularis

Characteristics:

Max Size: 3"

Care Level: Medium

Nutrient Source: Root Feeder

Composition: Carpet

Parameters

Co2: Grows best with Co2

Light Level: Medium to High

Tank Mates

Great carpet plant.  Creates a lush looking lawn

Notes

Dwarf Hairgrass look like Microswords but are much more thin and fine in appearance. These can create a nice and compact grass appearance in any foreground. Without CO2, they will grow much slower and a little sparse. Strong lighting will help it densify and fine soil will prevent uprooting.

Compare carpet plant options and select the next one for your planted tank

See the diagrams on how you can setup CO2 for your aquarium
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